The aim of the Annual Policy Reports is to outline the most significant political and legislative developments in the EU Member States and at European level as well as to inform about public debates in the area of migration and asylum within the EU Member States.
Serving as the basis of the Annual Policy Reports, the Annual Reports on Asylum and Migration Statistics present for the specific Member State an analysis of the statistical trends in asylum and migration during the reference year. The Annual Reports on Asylum and Migration Statistics were prepared by the European Migration Network (EMN) up to and including 2009.
With the help of an external service provider, the European Commission publishes an EU Synthesis Report summarizing the main findings from the National Reports prepared by the National Contact Points.
Annual Report on Migration and International Protection Statistics 2009
The National Report describes the statistical trends in migration, international protection, refusals, apprehensions, residence permits, and return for the year 2009 in Austria. The report stresses that the Austrian net-migration gain was about 40 per cent smaller than in the previous year, which mainly resulted from a significant increase of outflows. Furthermore, in line with global trends, an increase in asylum applications by 24 per cent was registered in Austria in 2009. After a sharp decrease of the number of irregular migrants apprehended in 2007 mainly caused by the exclusion of citizens of Romania and Bulgaria as a result of their EU accession, the number continued to increase (i.e. by 18% between 2008 and 2009). Also the number of persons that were ordered to leave Austria increased in 2009, i.e. by +20 per cent compared to 2008.
Annual Policy Report 2008
This Policy Report gives an overview of the key political debates and developments in the field of migration and asylum in Austria in 2008. One of the main policy and legislative developments was the debate on the criteria for granting humanitarian residence which led to a request by the Constitutional Court to specify the criteria in the Settlement and Residence Law. Another important development was the establishment of a National Action Plan on Trafficking in Human Beings. The most important institutional development constituted the establishment of the Asylum Court which – as of 1 July 2008 – replaced the Independent Federal Asylum Senate as the second instance asylum authority.
Annual Report on Migration and International Protection Statistics 2008
The National Report provides an overview of statistical trends in migration, international protection, irregular entry and stay, residence permits, and return for the year 2008 in Austria. One of the main developments was the increase of immigration to Austria by 3 per cent compared to 2007. This upswing has to be seen in the light of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union in 2007. With regard to international protection a continued decline in asylum applications could be observed in Austria since 2002. This trend was discontinued in 2008 when the number increased by 6 per cent compared to 2007.
Annual Policy Report 2007
This report gives an overview of the developments in the Austrian immigration, asylum and integration policy, legislation and debates in 2007. Among the important institutional developments are the establishment of an Integration Platform and the decision to establish an Asylum Court. Furthermore, a number of new laws were adopted. Among the most significant laws are the Prison Relief Package and the new laws concerning the asylum procedure, which were adopted in the context of the establishment of the Asylum Court. Policy debates deal mainly with the call for a reform of the migration system in order to open the labour market for highly skilled workers and to facilitate the application procedure.
Annual Report on Asylum and Migration Statistics 2007
The National Report analyses the trends and changes in Austrian asylum and migration statistics for the year 2007. A main long-term trend highlighted in the report is the decline in the number of asylum applications in Austria since 2002, a consequence of the coming into effect of the Dublin Convention in 2003. This trend continued in 2007 when the number of asylum applications declined by two thirds compared to 2002. In contrast to the area of asylum, immigration to Austria gained momentum in 2007, mainly as a result of the second wave of the EU Eastern enlargement.
Annual Policy Report 2006
The Annual Policy Report 2006 provides an overview of migration and asylum-related developments and debates in Austria. The main focus of the policy debates was the new Aliens’ Law Package, the Aliens’ Police Act and the new Asylum Act, which entered into force on 1 January 2006. An important legislative development was the amendment of the Citizenship Act, which laid down new rules concerning the required periods of residence for naturalisations. Also, tests on applied geography were introduced. Another important aspect was the amendment of the Criminal Law, introducing more severe laws concerning forced marriages and female genital mutilation.
Annual Report on Asylum and Migration Statistics 2006
The National Report analyses the trends and changes in Austrian asylum and migration statistics for the year 2006. The report highlights that in 2006 the number of asylum applications has continued to decrease since a peak in 2002. Also the trend of decreasing immigration inflows to Austria continued in 2006 and net migration dropped to its lowest level since 2002. Despite these simultaneous decreases, immigration continued to represent the main factor for population growth in Austria.
Annual Policy Report 2005
The Annual Policy Report 2005 provides an overview of migration and asylum-related developments and debates in Austria. Most dominant were the legislative development, i.e. the adoption of the Aliens’ Law Package, which enters into force on 1 January 2006. Furthermore, the previous system of migration related Acts has been restructured and divided into an Asylum Act, a Settlement and Residence Act as well as an Aliens’ Police Act. These changes were driven by a number of EU Directives, which had to be transposed.
Annual Report on Asylum and Migration Statistics 2005
This National Report provides an analysis of the trends and developments in the field of migration, asylum and irregular migration in Austria in the year 2005. The report notes that the year 2005 marks a decrease in immigration by 8 per cent after a constant rise since 2001. However, the net migration remained more or less stable compared to 2004. It is further highlighted that following the EU enlargement in 2004, the share of third-country nationals among the total number of foreigners in Austria decreased by 9 percentage points compared to 2004. The report highlights furthermore that compared to the year 2004 the number of removals decreased by 44 per cent.
Annual Policy Report 2004
The Annual Policy Report 2004 provides an overview of migration and asylum-related developments and debates in Austria. Main legislative developments took place in the areas of asylum and integration. An amendment to the Asylum Act modified material prerequisites for granting asylum, the asylum procedure and institutional competences. Furthermore, the regulation of assistance to asylum-seekers underwent a change through the conclusion of the Basic Welfare Support Agreement. Both legislative changes entered into force on 1 May 2004. In the area of integration a so-called Integration Agreement was introduced which requires the proof of basic knowledge of German. All of these legislative developments were covered extensively by the Austrian media.